Infections in liver cirrhosis – our experience
Lucia Mihaličová1, Zuzana Bališová1, Martin Janičko Orcid.org 2, Sylvia Dražilová1
1 Oddelenie vnútorného lekárstva s JIS metabolickou, Nemocnica Poprad, a. s., Slovenská republika
2 I. interná klinika LF UPJŠ a UN L. Pasteura Košice, Slovenská republika
Infection in cirrhotic patients is a common complication that has an impact on clinical course and prognosis. In our retrospective analysis, we evaluated 72 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Poprad. During hospitalization, we actively searched for infectious complications. Infectious complications were found in 37 patients (51.38%). Patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis had a statistically significant higher incidence of infection than patients with other types of cirrhosis (p = 0.031). Fourteen patients had urinary tract infection, 11 had respiratory infection, 8 had spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, one had skin and soft tissue infection, and one had Clostridium difficile infection. Two patients had both urinary track infection and bronchopneumonia. There was no significant difference in age, gender, duration of hospitalization, or mortality between patients with infection and those without infection. Infectious complications are common in liver cirrhotic patients, especially if cirrhosis is caused by alcoholic liver disease.
Keywordsalcoholic liver disease, bronchopneumonia, liver cirrhosis, urinary tract infection, infections, spontanoues bacterial peritonitis
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