Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in conjunction with Crohn’s disease – a case report
Ivana Červinková1, Denisa Pavlovská1, Marcela Charvátová1, Jarmila Skotáková1
1 Klinika dětské radiologie, LF MU a FN Brno
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a rare condition characterized by mechanical compression of the third part of the duodenum between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. The relationship between Crohn‘s disease and SMAS is seldom described in literature, although patients with Crohn‘s disease have many predispositions to its development. We describe the case of a 17-year- -old female patient who has been dia gnosed with Crohn‘s disease for several years and has been experiencing symptoms of abdominal discomfort and significant weight loss for five months. Magnetic resonance imaging was a key method for dia gnosing SMAS. In addition, older contrast computed tomography scans were evaluated retrospectively with regards to the aortomesenteric angle and distance, the reduction of which is a diagnostic criterion for SMAS. Our goal is to highlight the importance of measuring these values in patients with Crohn‘s disease for early detection of the risk of SMAS.
Keywordssyndrom arteria mesenterica superior, Crohn’s disease, magnetic resonance
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