Quality of biopsies in patients with Barrett’s esophagus – jumbo vs. large capacity forceps
Marek Kollár Orcid.org 1, Jana Malušková Orcid.org 2, Jana Krajčíová Orcid.org 1, Zuzana Vacková Orcid.org 1, Julius Špičák Orcid.org 1, Jan Martínek Orcid.org 1,3
1 Klinika hepatogastroenterologie, Transplantcentrum, IKEM, Praha
2 Pracoviště klinické a transplantační patologie, Transplantcentrum, IKEM, Praha
3 Gastroenterologická a endoskopická ambulancia, Interná klinika FZaSP TU a FN Trnava, Slovenská republika
Good quality of biopsy specimen is a precondition for a reliable diagnosis of early neoplasia in patients with Barrett’s oesophagus. Studies comparing large capacity vs. jumbo forceps have yielded inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of biopsy specimen obtained by two different-sized biopsy forceps: Radial Jaw 4 (RJ4) large capacity (outer diameter 2.4 mm) vs. RJ4 jumbo (outer diameter 2.8 mm) in patients with Barrett’s oesophagus. We hypothesised that RJ4 jumbo forceps used with a standard diagnostic endoscope (channel 2.8 mm) provides a better quality of biopsy specimen as compared to the large capacity forceps. Methods: A single-centre, randomised (forceps order), prospective and single blind study (blinded by a pathologist). There were enrolled 21 patients with Barrett’s oesophagus (5 women, 16 men). All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with trimodal imaging. Targeted or random biopsies were obtained with both forceps in a random order from each patient during a single endoscopy with a diagnostic endoscope. The main outcome measurement was specimen adequacy (defined as a well oriented biopsy specimen of 2 mm or larger with mucosa present). Results: A total of 288 biopsy samples were analysed (large capacity forceps: 159, jumbo forceps: 129). A significantly higher proportion of biopsy samples obtained with jumbo forceps was adequate as compared to those obtained with large capacity forceps (54.3% vs. 18.9%, p < 0.0001). Biopsies obtained with jumbo forceps had a larger diameter (median 2.4 mm (P10 = 1.8, P90 = 3.6) vs. 2 mm; (P10 = 1.4, P90 = 3.01) p < 0.001). The muscularis mucosae layer was detected in 67.4% of specimens obtained with jumbo forceps vs. 31.4% of those obtained with large capacity forceps (p < 0.0001). Excellent or good specimen orientation was present in 79.8% of samples with jumbo forceps and in 59.1% with large capacity forceps (not significant). Intestinal metaplasia was present in 69.8% with jumbo forceps vs. 78.6% of samples with large capacity (not significant). The diagnostic yield of both types of forceps was comparable. No complications related to biopsy samples were detected. Conclusions: RJ4 jumbo biopsy forceps used with diagnostic endoscope provides more adequate biopsy specimen as compared to RJ4 large capacity biopsy forceps.
Keywordsbiopsy forceps, jumbo forceps, large capacity forceps
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