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Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Gastroent Hepatol 2017; 71(5): 377–383. doi:10.14735/amgh2017377.

Participation of the Czech population in the Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme – trends and current situation

Ondřej Ngo1,2, Barbora Bučková2, Štěpán Suchánek  3, Bohumil Seifert  4, Miroslav Zavoral  3, Ladislav Dušek  1,5, Ondřej Májek  5

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Background: The Czech Republic has a leading position in colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in comparison with other countries. The screening programme, which has been implemented in the Czech Republic since 2000, is an essential part of prevention. The success of the programme depends on the participation of the target population. Many activities have been carried out to promote a higher adherence of the population to screening. At the beginning of 2014, the programme was strengthened by introducing personalised invitations to screening for non-attenders. The aim of the paper is to present the current situation in terms of coverage of the target population by screening examinations and the participation rate after personalised invitations in the Czech Republic. Material and Methods: Data from healthcare payers, which capture a fully representative profile of all screening tests provided at the national level, were used to evaluate the coverage of the target population (up to 2016) and the participation rate after invitation (for invitations sent from January 2014 to December 2016). Results: Coverage of the target population has been growing for many years. A significant increase occurred in 2010 after a change in the programme setting and another in 2014 after the introduction of personalised invitations. The coverage was growing up to 2015 (32.2%), but the following year saw the first decline in the history of the screening programme (by more than 2%). During the first 3 years of the project of personalised invitations, over 3.7 million invitations were sent (2 million first invitations, 1 million second invitations and 666,000 third invitations). Participation rates were 20.9% after the first invitation, 18.9% after the second invitation and 11.5% after the third invitation. Conclusion: The coverage by screening in the Czech Republic has not yet reached the internationally recommended level of 45%. In addition, a large proportion of the population do not respond to repeated invitations to screening. It is necessary to continue setting up measures aimed at making the target population more interested in their participation in the screening programme.


personalized invitation, colorectal neoplasms, participation rate, mass screening, screening coverage

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