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a hepatologie

Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Gastroent Hepatol 2021; 75(6): 500–507. doi: 10.48095/ccgh2021500.

Azathioprine in the therapy of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease – part I: treatment indications, dosing and thiopurine-related adverse events

Kristýna Pospíšilová1, Jiří Bronský  1

+ Affiliation


Background: Thiopurines (in Europe mainly azathioprine) are widely used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases in children. Due to a prolonged time until the onset of therapeutic effect, those drugs are aimed to be used in the maintenance phase of the therapy rather than for induction of remission. Thiopurines are sometimes used in combination therapy (with aminosalicylates or biological treatment agents). The adverse events of these drugs occur as often as in 15–40% cases and may lead to treatment cessation in a significant number of patients. Aims: To overview available information on (mainly) children suffering from inflammatory bowel disease. Conclusion: Genetic examination accompanied with laboratory monitoring of blood count parameters (specifically at the beginning of therapy) and biochemistry can help prevent some of the severe adverse events.


Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, pediatrie, merkaptopurin, thiopuriny

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