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Gastroenterologie
a hepatologie

Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Gastroent Hepatol 2020; 74(1): 62–67. doi:10.14735/amgh202062.

Glomerulopathies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Vladimír Teplan1,2,3, Eva Honsová4, Milan Lukáš5

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Summary

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis often accompany one another. Recently, the association between immunologic illness and IBD, mainly in patients with glomerulonephritis, has attracted considerable interest. The most frequent example is mesangio-proliferative glomerulopathy with immunoglobulin A deposits, which is referred to as IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease). Renal damage often presents as decreased renal function and frequently results in proteinuria, a characteristic of nephrotic syndrome. Specific situation occurs in IBD patients on biologic therapy and simultaneous immune-mediated renal disease (glomerulopathies) which is indicated also for immunosuppressive treatment. Currently, the treatment strategy involves simultaneous administration of biologic anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) drugs and immunosuppressants, but this strategy is empiric because its use depends on the clinical and laboratory features of both diseases. In IBD patients with a non-advanced renal pathology, biologic therapy of IBD continues in the same manner. In adverse renal disease patients, a switch in therapy from infliximab to vedolizumab is an option. In the case of relapsed renal disease with increasing proteinuria, nephrologists recommend full intensive immunosuppressive therapy with e.g., cyclophospamid (Endoxan iv) and corticosteroids (Methylprednisolon iv). In these situations, an interruption of biologic therapy with anti-TNF drugs is mandatory to minimize immunosuppressive effects and the risk of serious infection. However, clear rules and confirmatory studies are not yet available. Four clinical cases from clinical practice are briefly introduced and discussed.

Keywords

biologic therapy, glomerulopathies, immunosuppression, kidney

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